Those who know Audi know quattro. And once you have driven with quattro you don’t want to drive any other way. Why? Because this drive system puts engine power on the road in such a convincing way.
With the sport differential, it’s like driving on rails
The optional quattro with sport differential further reinforces this inimitable quattro feeling. Vehicles tend to understeer when turning into and moving through bends. This is a normal physical process: a moving body resists a change in direction. The elastic tyres and the suspension mounts tense up until the vehicle adopts the new direction. When accelerating into a bend, the load on the front axle is reduced and it can therefore transfers less lateral force to the tyres – the vehicle understeers.
This tendency is largely counteracted with the sport differential on the rear axle. This is because a superposition unit with two gear stages has been added to the quattro rear-axle differential on the left and right. These ensure that the individual wheels on the rear axle receive different levels of drive torque. The clutches are activated by an electrohydraulic actuator. Depending on factors such as steering angle, lateral acceleration, yaw angle and road speed, the control unit calculates the most suitable distribution of torque to the wheels for every driving situation. When the steering wheel is turned, for example, or the car accelerated in a bend, power is redirected specifically to the outer rear wheel.
This has the effect of pushing the car into the bend so that it follows the angle of the front wheels. The difference in tractive force between the left and right wheels exerts an additional steering effect, so that the corrections the driver has previously had to make to the steering wheel become virtually unnecessary. This allows precise control and sporty handling as well as greater agility along with outstanding traction.